Greek is spoken by about 13 million people worldwide, mainly in Greece, Albania and Cyprus. There are also sizable Greek-speaking populations in Turkey, Albania, Armenia, Romania, and the United States. There are about 2,000 islands in Greece, and many more islets, but only approximately 200 islands are inhabited. Some of the most well-known are Crete, Mykonos, Corfu, and Santorini.
About the Greek language.
The official language of Greece and Cyprus, Greek is an independent language within the Hellenic branch of the Indo European languages. Boasting the longest documentation of written history of any language in its family, Greek's legacy has profoundly influenced Latin and Latin-based languages, and has either directly or indirectly influenced nearly 30 percent of English vocabulary, including words like biography, astronomy, and democracy.
The Greek alphabet.
First used in the eighth century BCE and the first alphabet to include vowels, the Greek alphabet is an ancestor to the Phoenician alphabet and, in turn, is a derivative of other European and Middle Eastern scripts like Cyrillic and Latin. Well known by sororities and fraternities in the US, modern modifications to the lettering system have simplified the ancient script, eliminating certain accents and phonic variations.
The Greek prefix in the English language.
Greek may be easier to learn than you think. Although it's more closely related to Hungarian, the Greek language is one that most English language speakers would be able to identify with from the get go. Prefixes like aero-, auto-, hyper-, hypo-, and psych- stem from this classic language whose ancient roots splash their way through the English vernacular.
Fun fact about the Greek language.
"It's all Greek to me" is a common English idiom. What's not commonly known is that this phrase was coined by William Shakespeare and was uttered for the first time by the character Casca in Julius Caesar, who actually said, "...those that understood him smiled at one another and shook their heads; but, for mine own
part, it was Greek to me."